Thoughtful investment in cybersecurity measures goes beyond technology. Not only are digital tools and updated software important, but IT professionals are also essential in building resilient infrastructure. Industries across the board that utilize cyberspace to any degree are at risk for cyberattacks, so understanding how to use technology and human expertise to both proactively prepare for and reactively combat against threats is key.
The first step is to remember that no two industries function just alike or face the same challenges. With cybersecurity, in particular, some are more stable and prepared, while others are still grasping what to look for and how to handle it. For example, the supply chain industry is slowly advancing its security capabilities and solutions as individuals and organizations are working on updating systems that have been in place for years. Throughout the past two years, supply chain professionals have experienced the national and international disruptions that can occur as a result of cyberattacks, with some threats completely halting certain sectors. This cybersecurity threat may not have always felt close to home with the supply chain industry, but as cybercriminals get smarter, they learn which targets may be more vulnerable. In turn, vulnerability results in profitability for the attacker, which unfortunately could result in more similar attacks.
With experience, both good and bad, comes knowledge. One lesson learned in recent years is how interdependent each section of the global supply chain is on another. If one facility, port, software or database is interrupted due to an attack, countless companies and consumers can be impacted, resulting in great financial loss and compromised data. In fact, more than 30 billion records were exposed in data breaches just last year. In an effort to avoid such attacks, individuals and organizations should keep in mind a handful of key steps to becoming more resilient and secure, and senior leadership needs to ensure that they and their team members feel confident in the systems and security they have in place.
Understand the Most Common Threats
Top cybersecurity threats to remain cognizant of include but are not limited to malware, phishing and human error. A malware attack, or a virus attack, occurs when malicious software executes unauthorized action with the intent to cause damage to a computer, server or other similar systems. Phishing refers to the act of sending fraudulent communications that appear to come from a known and trustworthy source. With human error, individuals can make simple mistakes by mishandling data, leading to sharing sensitive information with the wrong recipient. On average, about 2,200 cyberattacks occur on a daily basis, so proactive planning is essential in limiting room for threats to come to fruition no matter the source. Although other threats exist, these types of attacks are some of the most common and can make a severe impact on a company’s operations.
Determine Risk Factors and Adaptive Strategies
Risk can appear differently depending on which industry or type of organization is in question. Within the supply chain, organizations often have a long list of partners that they coordinate with, from sourcing to production to delivery. Unfortunately, the more partners or third-party vendors are involved, the more room there is for a threat to come to fruition. All parties involved must be on high alert for attacks that come their way, which could affect more than one individual or organization.
Take retail-giant Target, for example. In 2014, a third-party vendor was the victim of a cyberattack operation, which resulted in a security breach with Target’s infrastructure. With financial loss estimated at $162 million, this incident is one of the most costly attacks in recent years. However, the risk is not simply limited to exposure through partners and vendors. If an organization does not take the proper steps to improve security, from investing in training to technology, it tends to be less flexible when threats are discovered.
Take Control with Enhanced Technology
In conjunction with determining risk factors that apply to a certain organization or industry, it’s important to consider steps that can be implemented on a regular basis to check in on vulnerabilities. Over time, those insecurities may change, so performing an audit of current practices and tools allows for enhanced adaptability moving forward. One way to do so is by completing quarterly or annual pen tests, short for penetration tests, which are created to evaluate the IT infrastructure to identify weaknesses that could open the door for a cyberattack.
Invest in Cybersecurity Training
Building awareness around top cybersecurity threats and how to spot them allows for team members across each level of an organization to be able to spot attacks before they happen. In addition to providing employees with an understanding of which threats they need to look out for and how they may appear, training should also include a guide on best practices for the particular job or field an employee is in. Supply chain best practices may not fully encompass the threats that another industry could experience, so due diligence is imperative as an organization works to train employees at each level.
From an executive standpoint, individuals within an organization look to leadership to do just that: lead. Guidance and transparency are imperative for executives and senior-level team members to provide to their employees. Sharing knowledge through thoughtful training is not only a starting point but also a practice to incorporate regularly. From an employee’s perspective, transparency is important to feel like they have a grasp on what is happening within their own organization, which is helpful in understanding the potential threats, current risk or reactive measures tied to cyberattacks that may occur. It is no longer about if, so when an attack does occur, take note of what steps could have been taken to avoid the incident and learn from those mistakes. Whether a vulnerability in a security system, an attack on your supply chain, or an employee’s misstep is the cause, an organization can bounce back from even the most costly attack by executing a thoughtful recovery and implementing the right proactive steps for the future.
As individuals and organizations across the country recognize National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, it’s important to take the time to explore ways to improve from a day-to-day perspective to a year-over-year outlook. Some practices are relevant for years, while others need to be updated on a regular basis. Ensuring that both people and technology are top of mind at all times will pay off in the long run. Cybersecurity threats are not going anywhere anytime soon, but a proper mix of proactive measures and reactive solutions will generate success and sustainability.