Security Survey Shows Rise in Retail Theft
Although the marathon-shopping season is behind us, retailers are still concerned about shoplifting. This year, retailers’ concern is justified--for the first time in four years the rate of retail loss has increased, according to a new University of Florida retail study.
Retail shrinkage, defined as a combination of employee theft, shoplifting, vendor fraud and administrative error, was 1.6 percent of total annual sales in 2005, up from 1.54 percent in 2004, according to the National Retail Security Survey, which analyzed data from 146 of the largest U.S. retail chains. The annual survey conducted by the University of Florida with a funding grant from ADT Security Services found that retailers lost more than $37.4 billion due to theft.
According to Rex Gillette, vice president of retail national accounts for ADT, the increase my seem small, but it reverses a three year downward trend and even a small percentage increase translates to millions of dollars in additional losses.
“Retail theft really impacts everyone with the consumer ultimately hurt in the form of higher prices,” said Gillette. “Shoplifters also target popular merchandise, which means items on your holiday gift list are less likely to be available.”
One of the biggest findings from this year’s survey was the dramatic increase in the average dollar loss per incident, which rose more than 320 percent from $265 per incident in 2003 to $854 per incident in 2005.
Organized retail theft (ORT) is the most likely cause for the overall rise and the dramatic per incident increase in retail loss, according to University of Florida criminologist Richard Hollinger, Ph.D., who has directed the National Retail Security Survey for the last 16 years.
“ORT, in which criminals work in organized groups to steal merchandise from stores or warehouses, is a growing problem for retailers,” said Hollinger. “The average loss per ORT incident is now more than $46,000. These crime rings work in small organized groups and they can do a lot of damage in very little time, so it looks like that is what is driving up the statistics.”
The survey shows that while employee theft is still the largest source of loss for retailers, it is going down. The average loss per incident in 2005 was $1,053, down from $1,762 in 2003. Gillette said that the decrease in employee theft is largely due to an increased use of technology by retailers.
“There are a number of very good tools for catching and deterring employees from stealing, and retailers are turning more and more to these technologies,” he said. “Cameras monitoring cash registers and storage areas are very effective at limiting an employee’s ability to walk away with merchandise.”
While retailers are beginning to recognize the ORT problem, the survey shows that many are not yet prepared. Only one-third of retailers say they are tracking ORT data and just ten percent have an ORT task force as part of their loss prevention efforts.
“There is new technology out there for combating organized retail theft, and we are seeing more and more retailers asking for it,” said Gillette. “Retailers are especially interested in new intelligent camera systems that pick up unusual behaviors or patterns and can alert store employees to possible organized crime activities.”
More than 40 percent of the retail chains responding to the survey said that they planned to increase their use of digital video recording and video monitoring over the Internet.