Nearly 10 years after the September 2001 terror attacks, the U.S. government has significantly improved homeland security but still lacks a system to know who is leaving the country and exactly what is inside luggage checked at airports, according to a GAO report.

The report from GAO concluded that, since the Homeland Security Department was organized in 2003, it completed about half the nearly 1,500 recommendations made by federal auditors. But there are still gaps, said the report, including the lack of a biometric exist system and enhanced explosive detection technology for checked baggage at airports.

"The bottom line of our report is a lot of progress has been made since 9/11 ... but there is work remaining to address gaps and weakness that will enable DHS to reach its full potential," U.S. Comptroller General Gene Dodaro told senators Wednesday.

Included in that work, Dodaro said, are improvements to management oversight of department programs, better purchasing and improvements to technology testing and purchasing programs.

Dodaro also said the department needs to work on technical, internal programs, including creating a consolidated financial system that combines information from all 22 DHS agencies, said an AP report.

Jane Holl Lute, the second-in-charge at the Homeland Security Department, agreed that there is still work to be done but said DHS has made improvements in securing cyber infrastructure, airport passenger screening, and security at the border with Mexico, among other things, said the AP report.

"We can detect threats sooner with better information and make adjustments more quickly based on real-time intelligence," Lute said. "Today we know more about those who seek to enter our country, what threats they may pose and what is needed to prevent potential problems from reaching our shores."

"Lute said the department is improving how technology is bought and put into place. Programs that haven't worked, including the $1 billion SBInet program designed to create a virtual fence at the Mexican border, have been canceled," the AP report said. "Lute said the department is still reviewing the details of the case. She said she believes other Iraqis allowed into the U.S. on humanitarian grounds have been screened for security risks. Lute and Dodaro both said DHS is working toward fixing the remaining problems, though neither gave the senators an exact time line."